Historic sculptures by Ai Weiwei at Yorkshire Sculpture Park
In celebration of its 40th anniversary, Yorkshire Sculpture Park (YSP) is pleased to present sculptures by internationally acclaimed Chinese artist Ai Weiwei. Circle of Animals / Zodiac Heads (2010) is a dramatic group of 12 bronze animal heads that has been on a worldwide tour since May 2011, making a colossal migration through Europe, Asia and the Americas. Presented in the Lower Park, visitors to YSP can enjoy an unusual year-long opportunity to see the seminal artwork. Viewed by millions of people in person, on the internet and through digital media, the work is one of the most viewed sculpture projects in the history of contemporary art.
Ai reinterpreted the 12 bronze heads representing the traditional Chinese zodiac that once adorned the famed fountain-clock of the Yuanming Yuan, the imperial summer palace retreat in Beijing. Ransacked in 1860 during the Second Opium War by the British and French, only seven of the original heads have been returned to China – the rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, horse, monkey, and boar. The locations of the other five – dragon, snake, goat, rooster, and dog – are still unknown. Central to Ai’s reimagined zodiac is the metamorphosis provoked by expulsion, migration, and deliberate change of location undergone by people and objects alike. In 2015, Ai was awarded the Ambassador of Conscience Award by Amnesty International.
Cast in bronze and standing three metres high, the sculptures each weigh 363kg. Through the re-interpretation of the heads on a larger scale, Ai comments and encourages debate on the politics of ownership, cultural history, repatriation and authenticity. The artist also wanted the work to be playful and accessible to the general public: "I want this to be seen as an object that doesn't have a monumental quality, but rather is a funny piece… people can relate to or interpret on many different levels, because everybody has a zodiac connection".
The physical migration of the work responds directly to its central concerns; Zodiac Heads has travelled enormous distances and has been welcomed and accepted in global locations – a liberty that is not available to everyone. In 2011, Ai was released from secret captivity by Chinese authorities, whereby his passport was confiscated. For the duration of their exhibition in Chicago in 2014, Zodiac Heads were hooded, an eerie reminder that the artist was still confined to China. In 2016, he was granted travel and flew to Prague to see the Zodiac Heads for the first time in person.
Circle of Animals / Zodiac Heads joins Ai’s major sculpture Iron Tree (2013) at YSP, which is sited in the historic Chapel courtyard, following the artist’s 2014 exhibition at the Park. It also forms part of a series of projects developed by YSP that investigates migration and human freedom, including Shirin Neshat (2011), Yinka Shonibare (2013), Amar Kanwar (2013) and Beyond Boundaries: Art by Email (2017).
Visit zodiacheads.com to find out more about the work and to watch videos of the sculptures being installed at locations around the world.
Notes to Editors
About the artist
Ai Weiwei was born in Beijing in 1957 and spent his childhood in forced exile. He moved to New York in 1981, returning to his ailing father in Beijing in 1993, where he was confronted by a Chinese society that lacked freedom of speech and constrained fundamental human rights. He is widely respected as one of the most versatile and influential artists of our time. A prolific artist, architect, author and activist, Ai is a vocal critic of China’s record on democracy and human rights and in 2011 he was arrested and held for 81 days without charge, prompting worldwide official and public protest. His 2013 heavy metal video Dumbass (from the album The Divine Comedy) describes explicitly his treatment during detention. Following his release, Ai’s passport was confiscated and he was unable to travel until July 2015. Major solo exhibitions include Ai Weiwei at Meijer Gardens: Natural State (27 January–20 August 2017), Helsinki Art Museum (2016), Royal Academy (2015), Martin Gropius Bau (2014), Indianapolis Museum of Art (2013), Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C. (2012), Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taiwan (2011), Tate Modern, London (2010) and Haus der Kunst, Munich (2009). With Herzog & de Meuron, Ai Weiwei was architect for the National Stadium of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. In 2014 YSP opened its renovated chapel to an acclaimed installation of works by Ai Weiwei.